Happy Idaho Day!

To the recent Happy Idaho Day. . .

Happy National Idaho Day ! !

Which Western State was ID:
The Beginning Years: Idaho’s history lies with its native tribes, the Lewis and Clark Expedition and determined pioneers on the Oregon Trail. People have been native to the land of Idaho for a thousands years or better. When Europeans had arrived, there were the Nez Perce tribe in the north and the Shoshone tribe in the south. Both tribes hunted animals such as deer and buffalo, fished, and planted both corn and beans, and lived in tepees. In 1805, explorers Lewis and Clark entered into Idaho on their trip to the Pacific Ocean meeting both tribes, with a guide named Sacagawea, who was a Shoshone Indian that was met on way in North Dakota. Fur traders moved in, including Andrew Henry who was the original builder of Fort Henry in the year 1810. More settlers came to Idaho throughout the early 1800’s, including missionaries, fur traders, minors, and farmers, settling and making home of areas near the Oregon Trail which went through southern Idaho into Oregon. The first permanent settlement of Idaho was Franklin, established by the Mormons (Latter-day Saints) in the year 1860. Idaho joined the Oregon Territory in the year 1848, and by the year 1853, Oregon became its own territory and Idaho became part of the Washington Territory. Idaho became way more populated after gold was discovered in the year 1860, and by 1863 became the Idaho Territory. Idaho was granted statehood by the year 1890. The railway system was established in the final decade of the nineteenth century. 

More History: The state of Idaho experienced some changes throughout the 20th century. These changes included great new enterprises, particularly the major Twin Falls area projects authorized under the Carey Act of 1894. Important dams and reservoirs made possible by the Reclamation Act of 1902, including Arrowrock in 1915, American Falls in 1927, Deadwood in 1929, Cascade in 1948, Anderson Ranch in 1950, and Palisades in 1958. With this expansion came the founding and development of major new cities and communities to add to those which had gotten their start during earlier mining and railroad days. Commercial lumbering grew out of the operations of early local sawmills and became important in the early years of the twentieth century. As part of the national pattern of logging and marketing, Idaho’s forest development depended upon railroad transportation and upon the rate at which saw timber was cut in other parts of the country. Operators from the western Great Lakes states began to move into North Idaho in 1900. Within a few years logging stood next to farming in economic importance in Idaho. Lumber mills and similar processing plants continued to prosper an economy making more efficient use of Idaho’s forest resources, with pulp and other waste product plants.

Climate of Idaho: Idaho’s climate is one of the coldest regions in the United States, with an average daily high temperature of only 15 degrees. Even though it isn’t the Arctic, but it sure feels like it sometimes, with small mountain towns like Stanley often seeing some of the coldest temperatures in the continental United States. That particular area has an average of 292 days per year below freezing and a recorded low of -54°F, The climate of the whole state is varied and offers seasons with really strong winters and warm summers. Over the course of the year, the average summer highs are 85°F, and winters with an average low of 17°F. On average, there are 197 sunny days per year, and 18 inches of rain, plus 47 inches of snow per year.

The Great Location of Idaho: Idaho is a haven for nature and a sanctuary for wildlife. The great location of being a northwestern United States state, Idaho is known for its mountainous landscapes, its vast swaths of protected wilderness and its outdoor recreation areas. The capital of Boise is set in the Rocky Mountain foothills, surrounded by the Boise River, a haven for both rafting and fishing. Boise’s riverfront Julia Davis Park has a downtown green space that contains a rose garden, museums and a zoo. The state is between Canada on the north, Montana on the northeast, the state of Washington and Oregon to the west, Wyoming to the east, and Utah and Nevada to the south.


Image courtesy of Openverse

Idaho’s Statehood Facts:

  • Date: 7/3/1890
  • Capital: Boise
  • Population: 1.939 million (2022)
  • Size: 83,642 square miles
  • Nickname: The Gem State
  • State Motto: Esto perpetua, the Latin word meaning “Be Eternal.” Also “Here We Have Idaho.”
  • Tree: Western White Pine
  • Flower: The Syringa
  • Bird: Mountain Bluebird

The History:

Idaho Officially Adopted as a U.S. State, State Song, Admission Date & Idaho Flag
State Name Info
State Song
Capital Flag Image
43rd State. Idaho Territory
“Private Idaho” by the B-52’s
7/3/1890 Boise STATE FLAG_ID.png
See: Officially Adopted as a U.S. States, State Songs, Admission Dates & Flags at: National States And Capitals Day! – 2022 US State's Flags '22.jpg

Some Great Idaho Sites:  Here is a list of some some great places to visit while in Idaho:

  • Craters of the Moon National Monument & Preserve, Arco
  • Sun Valley, Sun Valley
  • Shoshone Falls, Twin Falls
  • Yellowstone National Park, Yellowstone National Park
  • Snake River Adventures, Lewiston
  • Coeur d’Alene, Coeur d’Alene
  • Idaho Falls, Idaho Falls
  • Bruneau Dunes State Park, Bruneau
  • Hells Canyon National Recreation Area, Lewiston
  • Museum of Idaho, Idaho Falls
  • Sawtooth National Recreation Area, Stanley
  • Old Idaho Penitentiary State Historic Site, Boise
  • Lava Hot Springs, Lava Hot SpringsSilverwood Theme Park, Athol
  • Boise River Greenbelt, Boise
  • Idaho Botanical Garden, Boise
  • City of Rocks National Reserve, Almo
  • Yellowstone Bear World, Rexburg
  • Zoo Boise, Boise
  • Idaho Potato Museum & Potato Station Café, Blackfoot

Memorable Idaho Events:  Here is a list of some events that happened in Idaho:

  • 1803 – The area that became State of Idaho was part of the Louisiana Purchase
  • 1805 – Lewis and Clark Expedition passes through
  • 1809 – First fur trading post built by David Thompson
  • 1820 – Fort Boise established.
  • July 16, 1855 – Through the Treaty of Hell Gate the Salish and Kutenai (Kootenai) Indians ceded their lands.
  • 1860-1863 – Gold discoveries in the river valleys of northern Idaho attracted temporary settlement
  • 1895 – The Bannock Indians left Fort Hall Reservation to hunt in Wyoming under the provisions of the 1868 treaty. The cavalry overtook them and escorted them back to the reservation.
  • 1900-1910 – Reclamation projects brought another wave of settlement to the former desert lands of southern Idaho
  • 1901 – Swan Falls hydroelectric dam completed
  • 1910 – North Idaho fires known as the “The Big Blowup”
  • 1915 – Arrowrock Dam completed


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National Idaho Day

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