National Telephone Day!!!
A day to celebrate that very used invention: the telephone. . .
Happy Telephone Day ! ! !
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A Brief History:
Origination: National Telephone Day was implemented as a day to honor the invention of the telephone. Around the world, there are about 9.82 billion mobile phones in use. It was a prediction a few years back that the landline would be obsolete by the year 2020. To the demise, there are still about 931 million landlines around the world, including some areas in the U.S.
Invention: Who really invented the telephone, is the name on the patent. The case in this incidence happened on February 14, 1876, and was a near hit for Alexander Graham Bell, as one of his attorneys Marcellus Bailey, rushed to the to the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office in Boston filed a timely first recorded patent. Later that same day another person, Elisha Gray filed a patent caveat for a similar device at the patent office. Ironically enough there was also a third contender for a patent soon thereafter. Antonio Meucci filed a first caveat in November of 1871 for a talking telegraph but failed to renew the caveat due to hardships. Because Bell submitted his record timely without adue, the patent office awarded the patent to Bell on March 7, 1876. The second person, Gray had unsuccessfully contested the patent office’s decision in court. Three days after the patent was approved, Bell spoke the famous first words by telephone to his assistant. “Mr.Watson, come here! I want to see you!”
The Early Days of the Telephone: On May 10, 1876, Bell and his team made a public demonstration in a crowded Machinery Hall on the grand stage of the World’s Fair in Philadelphia. At the fair, Bell transmitted a man’s voice from a small horn that carried out through a speaker into the audience. A year later, the White House installed its first telephone. The telephone revolution began. . .
Background of Alexander Graham Bell: Alexander Graham Bell was born March 3, 1847 in Edinburgh in the United Kingdom. Bell taught at a boys’ boarding school with sounds of speech being a very integrated part in his life. Bell’s father developed a “Visible Speech” system for deaf students in order to communicate. Bell also later had became a good friend of the famous benefactor Helen Keller, who was very famous for communication by touch with disabled persons.
Background and the The Early Days of Bell Telephone Company: The Bell Telephone Company was founded on July 9, 1877. The Bell Telephone Company installed the first public telephone lines from Boston, Massachusetts to Sommerville, Massachusetts that same year. By the year 1880, nearly 50,000 phone lines existed throughout the United States. By May 1967, the American Telephone & Telegraph Company (AT&T), formerly the Bell Telephone company, was subsidized into more than one company throughout the U.S. and worldwide. It had phones installed across the country and hit the 100 millionth telephone line that year. In May of 1967, the 100 millionth telephone line was installed in the United States. On May 11th, governors and dignitaries for U.S. territories joined President Lyndon Johnson on the largest conference call ever held up to that date. The day that the President, governors and dignitaries were issued gold phones to commemorate the day of the telephone was the same day that a proclamation was issued declaring May 12th as National Telephone Day.
More Modern Implementation of the Use of the Modern Phone: Phones have come a long way since the 1960’s with telecommunications satellites. Without them, wires were the only way to communicate. The 1970’s developed really extensive technological development of widespread use of touch-tone availability (touch-tone service). By the end of the 1970’s, most pay phones were all touch tone. The use of multiple lines and extension service became a staple of business lines. The ability to put a call on hold, whether rotary or touch-tone was a great service to all business. Party-lines died (multi-family lines in series install where only one family could be on at one time), and voicemail was implemented for the upper class, business, lawyers and doctors. Detectives and upper class started to have non-cellular radio phones. AT&T tried to implement video conferencing, but it was so slow going through that small wire that many glitches, not to mention the exorbitant cost, made the technology way ahead of it;s time for that era. By the 1980’s pagers and fax machines took off like wildfire. Also the cellular phone became very widesperead, although very large, bulku and heeavy. By the mid 1980’s the area codes multiplied like a ticker tape parade. Every year for a set of years, the amount of area codes due to the newly installed fax lines and pagers made the need to expand area codes happen at an astronomical rate. In the 1990’s the fax machine market continued to expand, making almost every business in the world having one, and a lot of families–especially professionals. By the end of the 1990’s, 900 and 976 pay-for-telephone-service-numbers started not getting paid anymore, hence shutting them off. Pagers start dying and becoming unavailable and had a really bad reputation build due to drug dealers using them for delivery of contraband. Still the last and most important invention of ,and high implementation of use in the late 1990’s was the worldwide web. By the 2000’s, America Online and Compuserve became really important in the telephone industry. With the newly important communication of being able to create attachments of documents in emails, the fax machine growth stifled and so did the creating astronomical growth of area codes. Payphones became very scarce with the continued use of cellular phones. Texting became very useful, and Nextel offered “walkie-talkie” service that changed the platform of having only two cellular companies. Sprint offered cellular service that was way more economical and brang cell service to lower income households. By the year 2006, Western Union disconnected the last telegraph lines in service. By the end of the 2000’s, American Online and all dial-up internet went out at a very high pace with the availability of DSL and the creation of Cable service for internet connection. Always being connected became a great asset for most, but a great liability of being hacked by hackers. The analog television band was shut off near 2009 in most parts of the U.S. in order to create the room that WiFi uses to communicate, so that computers can stream, signal and create the broadcast of computers into the telephone communications networking used. Most cable companies even got to the point of offering surrogate landlines. The 2010’s offered more, faster and better. Throughout the decade, landlines became obsolete. People disconnecting the extra lines had the area code expansion near or at zero percent almost for the whole latter part of the decade. DSL became almost obsolete with the speed of high-speed internet, formerly known as a cable connection. There is now a great deficit in innovation, and the innovation is being stifled by a lot of litigation. Availability for the small businessman to invent or innovate is at it’s lowest point in decades or centuries. These days, satellite communication, using phone services through them is necessary for the infrastructure of the world to work.
Why The Day? There is no known reason, but today was the day dedicated to the invention of the Bell Telephone Company and every April 25th is the day that National Telephone Day is celebrated.
A Few Facts:
I am sharing a few facts, and more, some trivia, some not trivial. . .
Important Telephone Related Inventors and Their Major Inventions:
- Computer – Charles Babbage – Date circa. between 1833 and 1871
- Morse Code & the Telegraph – Samuel Morse – Date circa. 1830’s & 1840’s
- Electric Telegraph – Alexander Baine – Date circa. 1843
- Telephone – Alexander Graham Bell – February 14, 1876
- First Mobile Phone Call with 80-pound car telephone – Bell Phone Company – June 17, 1946
- Telephony Facsimile Machine – Xerox Corporation – Date circa. 1964
- First Email – Ray Tomlinson – Date circa. 1971
- First Cellular Telephone Call – Martin Cooper/Motorola Corporation – April 3, 1973
- The Internet/Transfer Control Protocol/Internetwork Protocol (TCP/IP) – Tim Berners-Lee – January 1, 1983
- World Wide Web – Sir Tim Berners-Lee, while working at CERN – Date circa. 1989
- WiFi – NCR Corporation with AT&T Corporation – Date circa. 1991
People all over the world, are enjoying use of the good old telephone in some way or manner, now a great necessity to make living in a modern era possible!
Kudos for Alexander Graham Bell and his invention that will go on into the future! We have a lot of work cut out for use to bringing innovation back to our land. Specifically the last three decades, most of which are technological inventions these days. Telephone keep us in a modern world, now, and in the years to come. . .
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Happy National Telephonre Day!